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For an athlete or fitness enthusiast, training is a cornerstone of everyday life. Though moderate exercise has been shown to enhance the immune system, overtraining ironically can lead to a weakened immune system, and consequently poor health and lackluster performance. It is necessary to balance training with adequate rest and proper nutrition to perform at a high level.

Too much training can deplete critical nutrients and fatigue cellular processes, which may result in low energy levels, poor performance, plus a weakened immune system.  Recent research demonstrates how overtraining can lead to temporary immune suppression. Suppressed immunity is a normal result of fatigue in the body, not a disease or abnormal condition; and weakened immune defense can also happen to new parents, after many late nights with a crying baby!

One 2007 study looked at three groups: elite athletes, recreational athletes, and sedentary individuals. The study showed that elite athletes were twice as likely to have a respiratory incident than sedentary individuals, and four times more likely than recreational athletes.  In the five-month study, 32 athletically elite, 31 recreation-ally active, and 20 sedentary individuals participated.  There were reports of 37 upper respiratory episodes in 28 subjects.

Another study related to elite athletes suggested that heavy or chronic exercise is associated with an elevated risk of upper respiratory illness (URI), a bio-marker of decreased immunity.  The temporary risk remained higher for a one or two week period after a marathon or long-distance race.  The conclusion was that increased and heavy exertion has a detrimental effect on the immune system, as opposed to moderate exercise which can lead to positive changes in immune function.

A strong immune system is important to maintain an active, healthy lifestyle.  Suppression of this imperative system—even if temporary–can not only lead to increased incident of infection or illness but can also contribute to fatigue and delayed recovery time, ultimately leading to missed training opportunities.

 

So how much exercise will cause immune suppression?

One recent study found immune suppression after a few types of training habits: relatively long workouts of 1.5-hours or more without refueling; high intensity, but not extremely difficult exercise sessions; or insufficient recovery periods between workouts.

 

What causes over training to suppress the immune system?

Exhaustive exercise depresses the immune system in several ways. It increases the levels of stress hormones, specifically, norepinephrine and cortisol, which suppress the immune system. Excessive or strenuous training will also deplete the body’s levels of glutathione, an internal antioxidant that plays a vital role in maintaining a healthy immune system.  Inflammation and oxidative stress induced by exhaustive exercise can temporarily deplete normal reactions of the critical inflammation response molecules and immune cells, leading to a poor response to pathogens or damage.

Our bodies have natural defenses that neutralize free radicals, fight infections, and protect from damage, but too much training can overtake these defenses, resulting in fatigue, increased illness, and low-energy exercise sessions.  However, for many competitive athletes, vigorous training is necessary for optimal performance.  So what is the solution to this dilemma?

 

Is there anything available that may support the immune system and strengthen defenses after intensive training?

MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) is a well-recognized dietary ingredient for joint health, and new research has shown its benefits for expanded uses. Recent research has shown MSM to bolster glutathione levels, alleviate oxidative stress, and protect against immune depletion that comes from strenuous exercise. Packed with sulfur, MSM supports redox balance and healthy inflammatory response, an imbalance of which can interrupt normal white blood cell activity.

A recent study using OptiMSM®, a U.S.-made, branded form of MSM reported immune-modulating after exhaustive exercise.  Participants taking OptiMSM® showed lower serum levels of inflammatory markers post-exercise compared to placebo. However, when exposed to the pathogenic molecule LPS, blood samples of participants reacted differently, the placebo group had a blunted immune response while the OptiMSM® group responded normally. This response indicated that MSM conserved a healthy immune system after physical stress. Another study exhibited the powerful ability of OptiMSM® to improve the health of both upper respiratory (head, eyes, nose, throat) and lower respiratory (lungs and chest) systems.

OptiMSM® is manufactured in the U.S. by Bergstrom Nutrition, and is the only MSM recognized by the FDA as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe). OptiMSM® has also been tested by Informed Sport and found to be free of banned substances.

 

Are there other benefits of MSM besides for joints and the immune system?

MSM also has antioxidant properties, although MSM does not directly scavenge free radicals like most antioxidants. Instead, it decreases the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) and bolsters the body’s natural antioxidant pathways, including levels of glutathione. Glutathione – a tripeptide, composed of glycine, glutamic acid, and cysteine – is a valuable antioxidant essential for both innate and adaptive immunity. Glutathione levels are directly related to immune health, and depleted levels are associated with a range of diseases including increased infections. By maintaining glutathione levels, MSM dietary supplements not only help the body reduce damage from oxidative stress, but they also maintain a healthy immune system.

By supplementing with MSM, athletes can continue to train at high levels while preserving a healthy and active immune system to protect the body from a multitude of issues that can interrupt exercise routines. Although MSM is well known for its extensive joint support benefits, its impressive immune support makes it a compelling choice for athletes and fitness gurus.  Besides contributing to joint and immune function support, MSM also reduces muscle damage and soreness from strenuous activity and speeds up post-workout recovery for optimal results, making it a strong addition to the supplement regimen of any active individual, from the weekend warrior to the world-class athlete.  Are you ready to overcome immune suppression and experience powerful performances?

 

 

References:

  1.        Spence L, Brown WJ, Pyne DB, et al. Incidence, etiology, and symptomatology of upper respiratory illness in elite athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(4):577-586. doi:10.1249/mss.0b013e31802e851a.
  2.        Nieman DC. Exercise, upper respiratory tract infection, and the immune system. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994;26(2):128-139. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8164529. Accessed August 19, 2016.
  3.        Gleeson M. Immune function in sport and exercise. J Appl Physiol. 2007;103(2):693-699. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00008.2007.
  4.        Moynihan JA, Callahan TA, Kelley SP, Campbell LM. Adrenal hormone modulation of type 1 and type 2 cytokine production by spleen cells: dexamethasone and dehydroepiandrosterone suppress interleukin-2, interleukin-4, and interferon-gamma production in vitro. Cell Immunol. 1998;184(1):58-64. doi:10.1006/cimm.1998.1259.
  5.        Niess AM, Dickhuth HH, Northoff H, Fehrenbach E. Free radicals and oxidative stress in exercise–immunological aspects. Exerc Immunol Rev. 1999;5:22-56. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10519061. Accessed August 19, 2016.
  6.        Godwin S, Bloomer RJ, Merwe M Van Der, Benjamin R. MSM enhances LPS-induced inflammatory response after exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2015;12(Suppl 1):P48. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-12-S1-P48.
  7.        Barrager E, Veltmann JR, Schauss AG, Schiller RN. A multicentered, open-label trial on the safety and efficacy of methylsulfonylmethane in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. J Altern Complement Med. 2002;8(2):167-173. doi:10.1089/107555302317371451.
  8.        Nakhostin-Roohi B, Barmaki S, Khoshkhahesh F, Bohlooli S. Effect of chronic supplementation with methylsulfonylmethane on oxidative stress following acute exercise in untrained healthy men. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2011;63(10):1290-1294. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.2011.01314.x.
  9.        Marañón G, Muñoz-escassi B, Manley W, et al. The effect of methyl sulphonyl methane supplementation on biomarkers of oxidative stress in sport horses following jumping exercise. Acta Vet Scand. 2008;50(45). doi:10.1186/1751-0147-50-45.
  10.      Dröge W, Breitkreutz R. Glutathione and immune function. Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59:595-600.

 

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Support Your Immune System after Intensive Training and Exercise:  OptiMSM® Can Help